Coal Countdown

The UK plans to phase out coal fired power stations by 2025. The map above shows plants that are still operational, along with plants that have closed or been converted to biomass since the Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD) came into force in 2008.

List of remaining coal power plants in the UK

Timeline of closures since LCPD

Issued in October 2001, the Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD) aimed to reduce carbon emissions throughout Europe. The deadline of 1st January 2008 allowed plants that did not comply with the strict emission limits to opt-out, whereby they could operate for a further 20,000 hours or until 2015 at which point they had to close.

Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD) announced

October 2001

The Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD) announced, stating emissions limits that will be imposed on large carbon emitters.

LCPD Start Date

January 2008

LCPD comes into effect (for plants built before 1987), non compliant plants could opt-out, whereby they could operate for a further 20,000 hours until 2015 at which point they have to close.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 21

Grain Power Station Closed

December 2012

1,300 MW Grain oil-fired power plant in Kent closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 20

Kingsnorth Power Station Closed

December 2012

1,940 MW Kingsnorth power plant in Kent closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 19

Cockenzie Power Station Closed

March 2013

1,152 MW Cockenzie power plant in East Lothian, Scotland closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 18

Didcot A Power Station Closed

March 2013

1,958 MW Didcot A power plant in Oxfordshire closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 17

Fawley Power Station Closed

March 2013

2,000 MW Fawley oil-fired power plant in Southampton closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 16

Tilbury B Power Station Closed

August 2013

1,428 MW Tilbury B power plant in Essex closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 15

Uskmouth B Power Station Closed Pending Biomass Conversion

April 2014

363 MW Uskmouth B power plant in Newport, Wales closed pending conversion to biomass.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 14

Littlebrook D Power Station Closed

March 2015

2,055 MW Littlebrook D oil-fired plant in Dartford, Kent closed.

Remaining coal or oil plants: 13
Last remaining oil-fired power station to close.

Ironbridge B Power Station Closed

November 2015

The remaining unit of the 1,000 MW Ironbridge B power plant in Shropshire closed.

Remaining coal plants: 12

LCPD Closure Deadline

December 2015

Closure deadline for all plants opted out of the LCPD.

Industrial Emissions Directive Started

January 2016

Industrial Emissions Directive became effective, replacing LCPD.

Ferrybridge C Power Station Closed

March 2016

The remaining two units of the 2,000 MW Ferrybridge C power plant in North Yorkshire closed.

Remaining coal plants: 11

Longannet Power Station Closed

March 2016

2400 MW Longannet power plant in Fife closed. Longannet was Scotland’s largest coal power station.

Remaining coal plants: 10

Rugeley B Power Station Closed

June 2016

1,000 MW Rugeley B power plant in Staffordshire closed.

Remaining coal plants: 9

Lynemouth Power Station Closed Pending Conversion to Biomass

January 2017

420 MW Lynemouth power plant in Northumberland biomass stopped generating and will be converted to fire biomass.

Remaining coal plants: 8

Eggborough Power Station Closed

March 2018

2,000 MW Eggborough power plant in North Yorkshire closed, to be replaced with a gas-fired station.

Remaining coal plants: 7